People with diabetes are susceptible to many different types of diseases. If blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood cholesterol are not maintained at healthy levels, a myriad of health issues can occur. Your eyes are greatly affected by this as well. People with diabetes often develop diabetic eye disease.
What is Diabetic Eye Disease?
Diabetic eye disease can refer to:
Typically, when someone is speaking about diabetic eye disease, they are referring to the retinal and macular bleeding that occurs in diabetic retinopathy.
In patients with diabetic eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy, abnormal blood vessels develop on the retina and can leak fluid and blood into the eye. When left untreated, these abnormal blood vessels can cause rapid and severe vision loss.
Diabetic Eye Disease Injections
Some diabetic eye diseases, specifically diabetic retinopathy and DME can be treated through medicated injections. The most effective treatment for these diseases is through anti-angiogenic drugs such as Avastin, Lucentis, and Eylea.
Angiogenesis describes the growth of new blood vessels and is an extremely important bodily function. Angiogenesis plays a vital role in healthy organ and tissue development. However, excessive abnormal blood vessel development can occur in those with diabetic eye disease.
Current diabetic retinopathy treatments are aimed at suppressing the level of a particular protein in the eye, called vascular endothelial growth factor or VEGF. Thus, these drugs are referred to as anti-VEGF treatments.
Avastin, Lucentis, and Eyelea are administered by injection into the eye after the surface of the eye have been numbed. The small needle is inserted into the corner of the eye, not the center. Your doctor will ask you to look in the opposite direction to expose the injection site.
These drugs are very powerful. Abnormal vessels will disappear within 48 hours. However, the vessels are not gone forever, meaning treatment will have to continue.
If you have diabetic eye disease and are wondering what your best treatment options are, be sure to contact Ellis Eye today!